By Lukman Abdulraman
In 2020, in a report obtained from the ministry of finance and economic development, Kano state, it was recorded the state government awarded over ‘One Billion’ Naira to 224 contracting companies to execute different projects in the state. However this investigation will focus on 6 selected contracting companies, who received the total amount of N314, 686,571.821 million.
This reporter commissioned Nasara Professional and Consultancy Services, a Financial Consulting firm to conduct a corporate search on the status of the 224 companies that were awarded various contracts by Kano state government.
After a series of the company’s status screening on the Corporate Affairs Commission portal, it was discovered that out of 224 contracting companies, 110 were inactive, 56 were unregistered, while only five were active.
The awarded contracts were for schools constructions and establishment, classrooms and hospitals renovations, empowerments and constituency projects in Kano state.
The project’s funds were paid to inactive, unregistered, and also personal accounts.
However, despite most of these projects were executed, while others were shabbily constructed, the awarded of contracts to inactive companies contravenes the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 2020.
The CAC describes an inactive company as “a registered entity that has not filed its annual returns up to date.” this contravenes sections 417 – 424 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 2020, which states that “every company must make and deliver their annual returns to the CAC every year.”
According to the rules and regulations of the Corporate Affairs Commission, inactive companies are legal entities that have failed to comply with sections 417 – 424 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 2020, in filing their annual returns with the Commission. Section 417 of the Act requires “every company shall, once at least in every year, make and deliver to the Commission an annual return in the form, and containing the matters specified in sections 418, 419 or 420 as may be applicable.”
This reporter learned that some of the payments made to these inactive and unregistered companies are outstanding payments of the contractors.
Inactive company delivers equipment, left to decay at Getso Cottage Hospital
In 2020, the sum N73, 830,403.14 million was awarded to SMK project Nigeria Limited, an inactive company registered on 30 Aug 2007, and was incorporated in Kano, with RC706190, to deliver hospital equipment in Getso Cottage Hospital.
A visit to the facility by our correspondent observed on 30th November, 2022, confirmed that equipment was delivered, which include; the theater bed, admission bed, anesthetic machine, ventilator, surgical light, and pressure cooker.
But despite the availability of the equipment at Getso Cottage Hospital, there are no professional doctors to operate the equipment as they have been left to decay.
Around 11:00 am, patients were trooping into the hospital with their babies, while others were patients themselves. However, the hospital climate was not as busy with doctors, nurses and other medical professionals as other hospitals.
Our correspondent who visited the hospital observed that only one doctor was attending to patients while other staff were non-medical personnel.
Rufai Muhammad Sani, in-charge of Getso Cottage Hospital, bitterly complained that the hospital lacks manpower despite the hospital theater is equipped, but there’re no lab scientists and other paramedical staff to operate them.
“The hospital lacks proper landscaping; this causes potholes, leading to uneven movement in the hospital environment. We also lack reticulation of water, which is causing challenges, most especially when it comes to its usage on medical grounds; the borehole was dug outside the hospital vicinity,” Sani said.
However the award of supplying equipment to Getso Cottage Hospital to SMK projects Nigeria Limited, by the Kano state ministry of education, contravenes section 16 of the Public Procurement Acts under the title: ‘Fundamental principles for procurements’ which spells out these requirements: “All bidders in addition to requirements contained in any solicitation documents shall: have fulfilled all its obligations to pay taxes, pensions, and social security contributions; not have any director who has been convicted in any country for any criminal offense relating to fraud or financial impropriety or criminal misrepresentation or falsification of facts relating to any matter,” section 16 (6) (d) (e) of the act read.
However, the BPP warned that “any false declaration and submission could lead to prosecution, debarment, and disqualification for 10 years from public procurement in line with the provision of section 58 of PPA, 2007.”
GGSIS students suffer learning after contractors executed shabby works
The Government Girls Senior Islamic School (GGSIS) was introduced and established by the former Kano state governor, Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso.
During his administration in 2013, millions of Naira was allocated for the establishment of the SIS schools.
However, the administration also spent a huge amount of money for the upgrading and completion of the schools.
A visit to GGSIS in Bunkure town by this reporter observed that the establishment of the school was not completed as the school lacks electrical appliances, water reticulation, security fence, furniture, and educational instructional materials.
“Lack of these structures has developed unfavorable learning conditions for the students; as for the teachers, the lack of the green boards in the school makes learning difficult for many students,” a school teacher laments.
Amina Mustapha, a student of GGSIS revealed that the project has been abandoned for about a year, “we have been studying on benches, which is uncomfortable to us, causing back aches. The school lacks electrical appliances and also instructional materials, most times our teachers found it hard to illustrate practical to us, this has also affected our level of understanding.”
These irregularities occurred after awarding the contract of N101,752,235.77 million to ARMTECH Consult Limited, an inactive company to complete the GGSIS project in Bunkure.
The ARMTECH Consult Limited was registered on 3rd January, 2014, with the RC1163006, the physical location was supposed to be at number 206, off Zoo Road by New Standard College, Kano.
Tracking the location, this reporter discovered that no contracting company of such name exists on that location.
Just like SMK projects Nigeria Limited, the award of the contract to ARMTECH Consult Limited, an inactive company, contravenes section 16 (6) (d) (e) of the PPA titled ‘fundamental principles for procurements.’ This also contravenes sections 417 – 424 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 2020, titled ‘Annual Returns.’
Not only at Bunkure, similarly in Madobi Local Government the upgrade of GGSIS Madobi was awarded to Bukar Makoda and Sons LTD, a private unlimited company and also an inactive company that was incorporated on 20 Jan, 1988.
The status of the company as revealed by NigeriaCheck displayed Bukar Makoda and Sons LTD’s activity unspecified as its status of operations remains unknown.
The company constructed the GGSIS Madobi but in an open environment with no security walls. The lack of security fence has led to vandalism of some of the school properties.
Just from the outside alone, you can tell that the school environment is conducive for learning. Although it is a public school, the environment looks appealing to the pupils and their teachers.
In Madobi town, it was confirmed by this reporter that the establishment of the GGSIS project was already awarded and completed by the previous government.
In an interview with Alhaji Bukar Makoda, the Director of Bukar Makoda and Sons Ltd, on his company’s status prior to the award of the contract, he revealed that “My Company has been active during the award of the contract. The establishment of GGSIS was awarded during the former governor of Kano state, Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso.
“The contract amounted over N100 million, which I can’t recall the exact amount. My company has executed the project 100%, but currently the company is inactive.” he said.
Makoda was awarded the contract for the establishment of GGSIS Madobi by the present government in 2020 to the tune of N38, 835,999.80 million.
He however said “The amount I received was part of my outstanding balance of the project. However, I still owe the Kano state government about N50 million outstanding balances.”
Another inactive company, UYK Nigeria Limited, who handled the project of establishing GGSIS in Kunchi LGA, Kano at a sum of 33,335,281.24 million awarded by Kano state Ministry of Education, contravenes the PPA act 2007.
UYK Nigeria Limited claimed to reside at No.37 Bello Dandago road, Kano but a visit to the street by this reporter found out that the building is being occupied by traders.
During an interview with Kabiru Isah, a businessman who occupies a shop in No. 37 building at Bello Dandago Road, he said: “I have been in this building for about 15 years, I sell food items and also engage in Point of Sale (POS) transaction, but I never know a contractor named UYK on this building.
“The major activities in this building, is selling of food items and farming tools,” he declared.
This reporter observed that most contractors provided wrong address to secure contracts from the government.
Contractor executed shabby project in Kibiya
In 2020, a contract was awarded to Umarawa Nigeria Limited to rehabilitate Kibiya Sharia Court at the cost of N15,746,572.39 million.
While on the cause of this investigation, a staff at Kibiya Sharia Court confirmed that the renovation took place.
This reporter observed that despite renovation of the court, the court wall has started cracking while the roofing is also falling apart.
The address provided by Umarawa Nigeria Limited was No 56/57 Fagge Ta Kudu, Kano state; an effort by this reporter to locate the office was not fruitful as the area is a very busy popular textile market (Kantin Kwari).
A further investigation led to interviewing Dahiru Muhmmad, a businessman and also an elder in Kantin Kwari market by Fagge Ta Kudu since 1973.
He said: “For over 40 years that I have been in this market, I have never heard of any contractor called Umarawa Nigeria Ltd.”
“The major businesses that operate in this market are textiles, shoes, steels, caps and accessories,” he added.
Mohammad was introduced to this reporter by famous textile traders due to his constant and persistent inquiries to locate Umarawa at Kantin Kwari Market.
Security threats at Technical College Tofa
At Tofa LGA Kano, the establishment of Technical College was duly executed.
However, some parts of the school’s roofing have started uprooting after Bilu Ventures LTD executed the project at a sum of N51,186,079.48 million.
Bilu Venture LTD was incorporated in Kano on 15 July, 1988 with registration number 115710. The current status of the company is inactive.
Tracing the company’s registered office address at No.79, Tafawa Balewa road, Kano was a two days hard work for the reporter, even at that efforts were extended to various social media platforms….yet, no traces of Bilu Venture.
Despite establishing an edifice structure at Government Technical College Tofa, only 4 classrooms were occupied by students.
A background check revealed that Tofa Technical College has over 400 students.
Carrying out further investigation, this reporter spotted some students were sitting on the bare floor, others on furniture provided by UBE, whiles some were learning under hazardous roofing with stems of guinea corn.
While interacting with some staff of the school, they were quick to reveal that the lack of fencing in the school is causing a big security threat to them.
“The community members usually occupied some parts of the school land, claiming it’s their fatherland. Also the school lacks motorized water, due to that our toilets are non-functional. Some of the classroom roofing have been uprooted by a thunder strike, therefore we seek government intervention,” one of the staff said.
Giving an expert opinion on why roofing get uprooted, Alhassan Sani, a civil engineer at ASAD Construction Company, Kumbotso said: “Most times bad roofing result due to low quality materials or shabby works.
“Conditions that leads to roof uprooting include critters downspouts/gutters, improper installations, improper base flashing, improper roof design, and others.
“Such buildings are uninhabitable for students, because dust can penetrate through the open roofs, which is detrimental to the pupils’ health.
“Also, at any time if there’s an occurrence of a wind storm it can extirpate and cause serious injuries to the students learning under those classrooms.”
Legally, awarding a contract to Bilu Ventures Ltd, is a violation of the BPP under section 16 and also sections 417 – 424 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 2020 in filing its annual returns with the commission.
The Kano State Public Procurement Bureau reacted that “we don’t ask for contractors’ annual returns, our agency only requires contractor’s CAC number and Tax identification number for clearance, in order to secure contracts.”
Under the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC), an inactive company is a legal entity that has not complied with sections 417 – 424 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 2020 in filing its annual returns with the commission. Section 417 of the Act dictates that every company must make and deliver their annual returns to the CAC every year.
However, lawyers have made the point that the CAC does fail to update the status of some companies that are up to date with their filings and that such entities cannot be held liable for the commission’s inadequacy.
The Public Procurement Act, 2007 states that: “A bidder may have its bid or tender excluded if the bidder is in arrears regarding payment of due taxes, charges, pensions or social insurance contributions unless such bidders have obtained a lawful permit in respect to allowance, the difference of such outstanding payments or payment thereof in instalments.”
Therefore, awarding contracts to ARMTECH Consult Limited, SMK projects Nigeria Limited, Bilu Ventures LTD, UYK Nigeria Limited, Bukar Makoda and Sons Ltd, and Umarawa Nigeria Ltd, is a contravention of the Public Procurement Act 2007. Section 58 of the PPA makes it an offense with offenders liable to five or 10 years imprisonment for awarding contracts without due process and in line with the law.
CAC Directive to erring members
The Registrar General of the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC), Alhaji Garba Abubakar, said the Companies and Allied Matters Act [CAMA 2020] permits the commission to deregister companies that have been inactive for 10 years.
The Registrar disclosed that many registered companies have been declared inactive for their failure to abide by the Commission’s directives.
He said CAC has provided the operational status of all registered companies on its website, whether active or inactive. Inactive companies that wish to delist itself from the CAC website shall be free to do so. All inactive companies will be deregistered after 10 years. See Daily Trust of 18 Jan. 2021
Implication for Kano state
Awarding contracts to unverified, inactive and unregistered companies negate Section 16 of the Public Procurement Act 2007.
Apart from violating procurement laws, the shoddy handling of projects by inactive or unregistered companies may undermine and wipe out gains recorded towards achieving Goal 3 and 4 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the United Nations.
Goal 3 stipulates that, by 2030, nations should ensure access to healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. Ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being at all ages is essential to sustainable development.
According to UNICEF, poor access to good health in Nigeria is still alarming and contributes to mortality and morbidity in children.
While the Goal 4, is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. According to UNICEF, no fewer than 70 per cent of Nigerian children are suffering from learning poverty.
The ambition to achieve SDG 3 and 4 by 2030 for Nigeria is a high one, and the World Bank has estimated that the country needs a 1.7 percent allocation from its Gross Domestic Product to meet the target. Awarding contracts to unknown companies may forfeit the little funding currently committed to achieving these goals.
Ministries keep mum on FoI Act
On 7th Dec, 2022, a Freedom of Information (FoI) request was sent to the Kano Ministry of Education and the State Ministry of Health seeking clarification concerning this investigation.
Both FoIs was greeted with sense of silence.
However, despite waiting for feedback from the ministries’ as provided by the FoI ACT under section 2(3) and (4), the ministries are yet to respond.
This publication is produced with support from the Wole Soyinka Centre for Investigative Journalism (WSCIJ) under the Collaborative Media Engagement for Development Inclusivity and Accountability Project (CMEDIA) funded by the MacArthur Foundation.